ارتباط جملات در رایتینگ آیلتس (+ویدیو)

آذر ۱۹, ۱۳۹۷

ارتباط جملات در رایتینگ آیلتس (+ویدیو)

چگونه در رایتینگ آیلتس ایده ها را به هم مرتبط کنیم؟

بدون شک یکی از بخش های پر چالش رایتینگ آیلتس، مربوط کردن ایده ها به یکدیگر است. دو مفهوم coherence یا پیوستگی معنایی و cohesion یا همان ارتباط گرامری بین مفاهیم و جملات در رایتینگ آیلتس است. transition ها یا نام دیگر آن Linking words کلماتی هستند که در نوشتن و مرتبط نمودن ایده ها و جملات بسیار موثر هستند.

 

 

 

در زیر به برخی از آنها اشاره می کنیم:

برای اشاره لیست کردن موارد مختلف: 

First/ Firstly/ To begin with:

First, public transportations are cheap and can carry many passengers at a time.
Firstly, increasing the fuel price would affect the daily budget of all citizens.
To begin with, old people has paid taxes and worked for the country for their whole life.

Second/ Secondly:

Second(ly), we do not have to worry about parking, garage, traffic rule violation and fuel cost when we do not own a car.

Third(ly)… Fourth(ly):

Third(ly), smoking does not have a single benefit but a pile of disadvantages.
Fourth(ly), ever increasing population is a reason for increased house rent, competitive job market and pollution.

Lastly/ Finally/ Last but not least:

Lastly, the rail is one of the safest transportation systems that can carry a huge number of passengers at a time.
Finally, parents spend more time with their children than a teacher does.
Last but not least, countries like Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Nepal prove that violence and crime can be in a peak even under the woman leadership.

افزودن اطلاعات:

Additionally: Additionally, computer games are addictive and can waste a large portion of the valuable time of a school-going child.

Moreover: Moreover, young people have better technological knowledge than the older generation.

In addition: In addition to that, fast food contains the fat, preservative, and other harmful ingredients which are very detrimental to our health.

Furthermore: Furthermore, helping developing countries in terms of providing education facilities, can strengthen the relationship between two countries.

And: And the negative impacts of establishing a large factory in our community would trigger other adverse consequences which would be hard to tackle in the long run.

Not only… but also: Not only deforestation damages the natural habitats of many species but also is the main reason for global warming.

Also: Also, cities provide better job opportunities and a better-living standard.

As well as: Too much dependency on technological devices as well as the internet would bring catastrophic consequences once something goes wrong.

مقایسه کردن:

In comparison: In comparison to the past century, people these days do not have a strong family tie.

Admittedly: Admittedly, severe punishments set examples to other people temporarily but it lacks any long term effect.

Similarly: Similarly, capital punishment is brutal and fail to establish a bridge between the social unrest and reformation.

Likewise: Likewise, technological advancement creates new job opportunities both in developing and developed countries.

In the same way: In the same way, increasing the tax would not be a viable solution to address this issue.

بیان تضادها: 

in spite of: In spite of a remarkable progress in recent years, women are still suffering from social discriminations in many developing countries.

By contrast: By contrast, knowledge gained from travelling and from real life experiences has a greater impact on our future course of actions in life.

Alternatively: Alternatively, the government can impose laws to control the market price of most essential commodities.

Another opinion could be: Another option could be restricting the number of children a family can have.

On the other hand: On the other hand, owning a car is expensive as it requires parking, fuel, servicing, maintaining and  yearly renewal costs.

Still: Still, strictly controlling the number of children a family can have is not a feasible solution.

However: However, many destitute families rely on the earning those young children bring to the family.

AlthoughAlthough implementing this would require a huge sum of money, this, in my opinion, is the most optimal solution.

Even though: Even though their arguments are somewhat convincing to listen to, in reality, the scenario is quite the opposite.

But: But, the investment in trade and finance alone does not guarantee a steady growth of the GDP for this country.

نتیجه گیری کردن:

To sum up: To sum up, it is up to us to judge the authenticity of a news. But the journalists also have a professional and moral obligation to present us the truth.

In conclusion: In conclusion, we should strictly monitor the type of programmes our children watch each day.

To concludeTo conclude, university admission should be merit-based, not gender-based.

To draw the conclusion: To draw the conclusion, this is our world and we have to save it. Uncontrolled use of natural resources would endanger our very existence and that is why we should be much sensible of their usages.

تاکید کردن:

Especially: This step would be advantageous for people, especially for rural people, as it would increase the job opportunities in rural areas.

Clearly: Clearly, this law is a violation of people’s privacy and that is why this law needs amendments.

Obviously: Obviously, automation in government sectors would reduce the corruption to a great extent.

Specifically: Corruptions in government sectors, specifically in countries like India and Bangladesh, is another hindrance in the overall progress.

Of course: Of course, the government has a responsibility to support those older people. But that does not mean that children of such senior citizens are free from their own responsibilities towards their aged parents.

In particular: In particular, there is almost no university in such underdeveloped areas and a large number of students, due to this, move to the city areas each year.

ارائه مثال :

To cite an example: To cite an example, I started learning a second language at my primary school and that did  not increase my study pressure at all.

For example: For example, most of the companies want their employees to enhance their skills so that they can better perform over the time.

For instance: For instance, many developing countries are trying to improve their GDP through their export activities.

NamelyNamely, Australia and Canada have many charity organisations which work exactly for this cause.

To illustrate:  To illustrate, universities, these days, offer a wide range of subjects than they used to do in the past.

One clear example: One clear example would be my sister who, despite her graduation in mathematics, works as a journalist in a daily newspaper.

In other words: In other words, fathers should share these responsibilities and let mothers enjoy some leisure hours. [N.B. Use this expression (i.e. in other words) to express or point something in a different way, to make it easier, clear and to emphasise.]

To give an example: To give an example, modern household appliances and kitchenware have made the cooking process easier and faster.

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